Roasted Almonds – Gebrannte Mandeln


Stand at the Christmas Market in Lueneburg Selling Sweets such as Roasted Almonds (Photo by Katjasv on Pixabay)

No Christmas market or fair is complete without roasted almonds. In German, they are called gebrannte Mandeln (“burnt almonds”) or Wiener Mandeln (“Viennese Almonds”). The sugar-coated nuts are absolutely addictive and have always been one of my favorite snacks at fairs and Octoberfest. The sweet treat is so much part of the German/Austrian culture that specialty shops also sell them at German cultural events in the States – but they are expensive, and the problem is that I am always tempted to eat my weight in roasted almonds. So I was excited to learn that these nuts can also be made at home without any special equipment – it takes a lot of stirring, but the whole house smells of sugar and cinnamon for days afterwards, so it pays off. So no more waiting for special events with vendors to enjoy the roasted almonds!

Here is the recipe that has worked well for me.

  • 350 gram or 1.8 cups of sugar
  • 2 packages of vanilla sugar
  • 100 ml or 0.6 cup of water
  • 400 gram or nearly a pound of raw whole almonds
  • cinnamon to taste (I usually use a lot, so about 2 table spoons)
Almonds Boiling in Sugar Mixture

Almonds Boiling in Sugar Mixture

On medium heat bring the cinnamon, sugar, vanilla sugar, and water to a boil in a large pan [I use a Wok since that is the only large non-stick pan I have]. Add the almonds and stir until the sugar is dry again. This will take a while – 15 minutes or more. Continue stirring until the sugar starts to slightly melt again and the almonds start to shine [this will take another 5 minutes or so]. Empty the almonds onto a backing sheet, divide them if stuck together, and let them cool. Keep in an airtight container. I have no idea how long the almonds will stay fresh since they usually are eaten in a few days in my house.

Roasted Almonds

Roasted Almonds

St. Nikolaus

St. Nikolaus and Krampus (found on Facebook: Austria Official Travel Info)

December is a busy month for traditions in Austria. Krampus Day on December 5 is followed by Nikolaus Day on December 6. It is the day of St. Nikolaus, and even though the American Santa Claus is modeled after him even in name, they two do not have much in common. St. Nikolaus does bring gifts for the good kids but in the evening of December 6. He was the Bishop of Myra, which is in present-day Turkey, in the fourth century. He is the patron saint for a lot of different groups ranging from students to pirates to prostitutes. I guess he is popular for so many groups to choose him. But the “job” as patron saint for children and students is the reason for the traditions associated with December 6. And because he was a bishop, he is dressed quite differently than Santa Claus. St. Nikolaus wears the robes of a bishop and with that comes a mitre and a pastoral staff. He is usually white-haired and has a long flowing beard but he is usually not chubby like Santa Claus. St. Nikolaus also does not use a flying sleigh with reindeer but walks or rides a horse or a “regular” sleigh. He also does not come through the chimney in the middle of the night, but politely knocks on the door.

St. Nikolaus usually is accompanied by Krampus, a demon-like beast to scare the naughty children (see yesterday’s post). Nikolaus usually asks the parents if the children have been good, and if the answer is yes, Krampus is asked to wait outside the door where he hollers and rattles his chains to warn children to behave all year. Once Krampus is banished, Nikolaus usually asks the children to recite a poem or sing a carol for him before he takes gifts out of his large bag. Since he is really carrying the bag and the gifts, the gifts are usually chocolate, apples, oranges, and possibly books or other small items. To remind children again that Krampus is always watching, a small bundle of birch twigs is included in the gift as well (see yesterday’s post about the birch twigs).

Postcard Showing St. Nikolaus and Krampus (found on Wikipedia Commons)

If the parents did not rent a Nikolaus to come to the house, children still receive gifts though. Little bags or shoes are left by the door and are filled with the gifts once it is evening. The few years when Nikolaus did not come to our house, my mom would ask us into the kitchen and close the door behind us. We would hear the rattling of chains outside the door and my father’s voice as he was supposedly addressing Krampus to tell him that only good kids were living here. My brother and I stood by the door and were straining to hear every word and hoping that Krampus would not be allowed into the kitchen. A few minutes later, we were allowed to leave the kitchen, and lo and behold, there were gifts in our boots!

Even though children receive small gifts on December 6, they will receive more gifts on Christmas, which is celebrated in the evening of December 24. But there is no confusion between St. Nikolaus and Santa Claus in case you are wondering because we do not have Santa Claus. Christmas gifts are brought by the Christkind in Austria (literally: Christ Child), an angel.

St. Nikoalus Is Shown as the Original and Santa Claus as the Imitation (found on: – which means Santa-Claus-Free Area)

Krampus Day – Demons Rule the Streets

St. Nikolaus and Krampus (found on

“Be Good!” could be the motto for December 5, which is traditionally Krampus Day in Austria. The day is also celebrated in other Alpine regions such as Bavaria and South Tyrol. Krampus is a beast-like demonic creature and the “side-kick” of Saint Nikolaus; Krampus punishes the naughty children while St. Nikolaus rewards the good ones. Krampusse are furry, have horns and a lolling tongue, and carry a bundle of birch branches to swat the kids.

For small children, Krampusse [German plural form of the term Krampus] are truly frightening; for teenagers, they are a challenge to dare each other and show their bravery. As soon as it is dark out, which is usually mid-afternoon in early December in Austria, the Krampusse take over the streets. They run in packs through the streets for hours and are trying to chase anyone, but especially kids and young women. When I was in elementary school, I hated the day and did not want to leave the house when it was getting close to darkness. From the safety of the inside of a locked car or form inside a house, I would watch the Krampusse run through the streets. I could hear the sound of chains and large bells that the Krampusse carry before I could even see them. Later as a teenager, I would walk into town on purpose with friends to dare each other to get as close as possible to one of the Krampusse and then run away quickly without being swatted with the birch branches by a Krampus. The fear was much worse than the pain from the branches since we were wearing layers of clothes and thick winter coats because of the cold.

Krampus and Child (found on

Usually young males are wearing the costume of Krampus, and it must be strenuous to wear the wooden masks with large animal horns and fangs, be completely clothed in furs, and carry large bells around their waists. Last year, I came across an entertaining article by an American, who worked as a Krampus in Austria for a night; see the posting here:

Krampus Day also means special treats such as Zwetschgenkrampus, a Krampus made out of prunes (which is a lot tastier than it sounds), and Semmelkrampus, a sweet bread shaped like a Krampus. For one day, demons rule the streets in Austria.

Semmelkrampus – Krampus out of Sweet Bread (found on

Zwetschgenkrampus – Krampus out of Prunes and Figs (found on

Happy First Advent Sunday: Light a Candle

One Candle Is Lit on the First Advent Sunday on the Advent Wreath

One Candle Is Lit on the First Advent Sunday on the Advent Wreath

Today, November 30, is the first Advent Sunday, which marks the beginning of Christmas season in Austria. Advent comes from the Latin word adventus, which means arrival. There are four Advent Sundays until Christmas Eve, and these special days are symbolized by the four candles on the Advent wreath. On the first Sunday, one candle is lit; on the second Sunday, the first and a second candle are lit, and so on. Usually, the family sits together and sings Christmas carols and eats Christmas cookies. The wreath is usually made out of evergreen branches and does have real candles, and yes, in contrast to the attitudes in the U.S. Austrians are not freaked out that the wreath will go up in flames even though it will be dry after four weeks of use (side note: we do watch the open flame). The wreath is either placed on a table or hung from the ceiling. Even stores and banks will have Advent wreaths and large Advent wreaths are often hung from the ceiling in churches or streetlights at town squares.

As a kid, Advent was a great way to countdown Christmas, to already enjoy caroling, and to eat the special cookies such as Vanillekipferl and Linzeraugen. For recipes in English, check this website:

Austrian Christmas Cookies (

I do keep up with the tradition but I have given up on finding a fresh wreath and trying to set the candles in it; Austrian shops offer special metal spikes that safely secure candles to the wreath, but it always seems too much hassle for me here. So I bought a wreath out of metal and I just place candles on it each year – no need to find a fresh wreath or fight with the candles. Most visitors to my house throughout December do find it odd though that we light only one or two candles or that some of the candles are so much shorter from use than the other ones. Advent wreaths are definitely not that popular in California.

Advent Wreaths for Sale in Linz. Austria (Facebook: Linzer Weihnachtsmaerkte)